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Thursday, August 22, 2013

BAHADUR SHAH PARK: THE OLDEST BEAUTIFUL PARK IN DHAKA

Bahadur Shah Park located in Sadarghat near Lakshmibazar of old Dhaka city in Bangladesh. This park is a historical place. This park has many historical evidence. This park built in 1858 at the initiative of Nawab Khawaja Abdul Gani. This park called Victoria Park until 1947. In the last Mughal emperor this park was renamed.

The park is actually rounded in shape. There is two main gate located east and west side of the park. there is street  inside the park. There is a government installation, school, collage and university situated outside the park for this reason the park is termed as important area of old Dhaka. In the North side "Sent Thomas Church, North-East" Side Kabinazrul collage and Islamia High School, In the East side oldest school of Dhaka "Government Mislim School", In the south-west side "Jagannath Univercity" situated. Judge court of Dhaka situated just North-west part of this park. 

In the late 18th century the European started a club for then named Biliard Club. They used to play different  games here.  Hence the local people called Anta Gharer Maydan.

 In 1858 when Queen Victoria took the administration of the subcontinent then Dhaka district commissioner announce about this matter in this big yard. From this time this big yard named as "Victoria Park". Untill 1957 this park was named as "Victoria Park". After that in 1857 the Sipahi mutiny for freedom fight was occurred for this reason the government killed the mutineers and hang their dead bodies with trees in this park to overawe the general people. To celebrate the 100 years of Shipahi Mutiny,a monument made here In 1957 and change the previous name to Bahadur Shah Park. The reason of Shipahi mutiny was to end the English administration for to establish the administration of Mughal Emperror Second Bahadur Shah. As per his name this park named as "Bahadur Shah Park".

The high monument of the park in the city is now reducing its glory as most of its momentous infrastructures are in rundown condition due to negligence even the boundary wall has distrted, Unscrupulous persons haveoccupied its land and parts of the footpath illegally to set up small shop and other business. the park now somehow maintains its illegible existence with no initiative to preserve the heritage. Under the circumstances the Dhaka City Corporation took some good step to save the heritage park. the condition of the area is ow dredful. 

People using the park's footpath. Very often people fall in fatal accident to many incident. Toll collector and vagabonds are dominating the area and are indulging in snatching which is on the rise. Historical Bahadur Shah Park (previous name is Victoria Park) lost all its importance and its glamour. Witness to many momentous events and once a traditional place for sojourn have lost all its past glamour. Besides, water from the only big artificial waterfall of the park could not be drained so that the water can not go out side the water fall area. It is very unfortunate that the last historical object of the Mughal Empire is now in very poor condition which demands immediate attention from the authority of government of Bangladesh. 

You are welcome to visit this historical place at any time. 

Monday, August 12, 2013

NIZUM ISLAND: A BEAUTIFUL ISLAND IN BANGLADESH.


Nizum island is a small island in Bangladesh. Nizum means Silent so Nizum island means Silent Island. Nizum island situated in Noakhali district of Bangladesh. Though Nizum Island is a Island but it is actually a rise of land. Previous name of Nizum Island was Char Osman. A bathania name Osman with is buffalo bathan at first stay in Nizum Island. At that time this island is named by Char Osman. Actually Ballarchar, CharOsman, Kamlar char, and Chur Muri- this four raise made Nizum Island. In the year of 1950 this island raise by 14,000 acres. Before 1970 there is no human present in Nizum Island, so this island was silent. In the year of 1970 Bangladesh forest division start their tast in this island. At first  four pair deer leave in this island experimentally. Now Nizum Island is safe place for deer. Nizum Island is the second mangrove forest in Bangladesh after Sundarban.

The people of Nizum island depend on tide to comminucate with others area. To communicate with Hatia, Vola or Dhaka, they maintain tide. To go Dhaka they start their journey at 09AM (After flow-tide) for Hatia. After 2 or 3 hours the vassale went to Hatia. Then they find the steamer for Dhaka. This steamer went to once every day. This steamer reach in Dhaka through Barishal and Vola that’s why the people of Nizum island can go to Vola and Barishal in the same steamer. There are also alternative way to go Dhaka and Hatia.

There are nine village in Nizum Island. Without this nine villaage there are also many single small house hare and there. As per 1966 Nizum Island situated with 36970.454 acre land.

Without deer and buffalo there is no ferocious  animal in Nizum Island. There are 22,000 deer in Nizum Island. There are 35 different kind of bird in Nizum island. Beside that in winter season there are many kind of guest bird come in Nizum island. Most of the land in Nizum island is alluvium. This land go down under the water during flow-tide and wakeup during eabb-tide. Many kind of bird live  in this place. This bird takes food fish comes during flow-tide. There is a amphibian fish named Marsripari. There life time is 05 years and 6 to 9 inch long. Nizum island famous for Hilsha fish during rainy season. In rainy season the whole saler comes from different place with Dhaka to buy Hilsha fish. Beside this during winter and after winter Nizum island famous for others fish. There are different types of  trees in Nizum island.

There are three primary school and one High school in Nizum island. This primary school also used as cyclone center. so that people can take safe place in this cyclone center and save their life.

Forest division takes several step to improve this Nizum island.  The forest division place  prohibitive inflict to kill animal in Nizum island. The forest division plant trees in the new raise area. The forest division took a plan to make National park in this island.

There a is Nizum resorts made by obokas in Nizum island for the visitors. There is a safe water and electricity produce by generator. There is a many hotel for food. You will get Rice, fish, chicken and egg etc in this hoitel. But in the rainy season you will get more Hilsha fish in Nizum island. You can visit this island any time. 


Thursday, August 1, 2013

JAMDANI--THE MAGNIFICANT TRADITIONAL DRESS OF BENGOLI ORIGIN

Jamdani is a magnificent hand made sari by woven fabric made of cotton historically which was termed as maslin.

This is the traditional dress of Bengoli origin. This is the most time and labour concentrated forms of weaving hand loom weaving. In the first half of the 19th century James Tailor described the figured Jamdani. In the Late 19th century T.N Mukharji referred to this fabric as Jamdani. This is the traditional dress for Bangoli weeding ceremony. Also traditional dress for Bangladeshi bride.

Jamdani made by woven fabric in cotton whether figure of flowered. It is undoubtedly on of the varieties of the finest maslin. This is one of the most artistic textile of the Bangladeshi weaver. It needs two people to make one jamdani sari. It takes time to make one simple Jamdani sari at least one week. It depends on the design how much time it will take. Traditionally Jamdani sari made around Dhaka spacially in Sonargaon, Dhaka and Rupgonj, Dhaka and created on the loom brocade, Jamdani is fabulously rich in motifs. Jamdani is a fine maslin cloth on which enhancing motifs are woven on the loom, typically in white and grey. Sometimes a mixture of cotton and gold thread used.

Jamdani is a Persian word. Jam means flower and Dani means a container. So the word Jamdani means 'Flower Container'.

Though mostly Jamdani is used as sari, it also used for panjabi, saloar etc. Jamdani is believed to be a fusion of the ancient cloth making techniques of Bengal with the muslin producer since 14th century. Jamdani are mostly of geometric, plant and floral design and are said to originate in Persian and Mughal fusion since thousand of year ago. Due to the exquisite painstaking methodology required, only aristocrats and royal families were able to afford this luxuries. But now every one have opportunity to afford this luxuries.

There is no exact time when Jamdani came to be ornamented with floral patterns of the loom. However, in the Mughal period, most likely during the supremacy of Emperor Akbar or Emperor Jahangir, the figured or flowered maslin came to know as the Jamdani. Forbes Watson in his most valuable work upper class Textile manufactures and costumes of the people of subcontinent hold that the figured Maslin, because of their complicated design.

In the middle of 19th century there was a gradual decline in the Jamdani industry. There is a number of factors to this decline. It is the low quality products and the decline of Mughal power in the subcontinent.

In the 21th century Jamdani has taken a new look with the renovation of a fashionable and class look. Now the Dhakai Jamdani is woven meticulously by hand on the old fashioned Jala Loom and many take even upto one year to make a single Jamdani sari. At present Jamdani sari made in Sonargaon Folk Museum, Dhaka. In the Folk Museum there are opportunity to buy Jamdani Sari. You can also order Jamdani Shari hare with your selected design. It will take one or two week to supply Jamdani.